Santa Clara was founded in 1689 by a number of inhabitants of Remedios who had moved inland to avoid the numerous pirate raids on the coast. For years, it was the capital of the old province of Las Villa which is now made up of the provinces of Cienfuegos, Santi Spiritus and Villa Clara. Santa Clara is most known for one of the most historic events in the history of Cuba. In 1958, the last battle of the Cuban revolution took place here, led by Che Guevara. This victory marked the end of Batista’s dictatorship. For this reason, Santa Clara is known as the 'city of the historic guerilla'.